A construction project requires some people to handle the job, and so, there’s no doubt that there are more than 2 million people working in the construction industry alone. That also means that the risks of accidents are too high, considering the hazardous nature of the job as well. That’s why we are going to discuss the top 3 causes of construction accidents and how to prevent them.
1. Electrocutions and Falling Debris from the Job Site
In a construction site power lines, exposed wirings, and unfinished electrical systems are pretty standard, since it’s a “work in progress.” That’s why accidental contact to these happen a lot and can be very deadly if the accident has gotten severe. Aside from electrocutions, falling debris is another problem. Since construction projects require working on several levels, accidents involving waste, materials, and tools falling happen a lot. These usually strike the workers below resulting in injuries, and worst case scenario, death.
Injuries from falling objects could cause minor bruises, but it can also lead to serious head injuries that can be fatal in certain circumstances, especially if proper medical attention is not given right away.
How to Prevent
The use of proper safety gears in a construction site is significant. Construction sites have a reputation for accidents and unforeseen hazards. That’s why being ready at all times pays a lot.
Smart PPE should be in place. It wouldn’t only protect the workers physically, its sensors can also detect if something unusual is happening. It could alert those who are in charge regarding this matter. Aside from that, project managers should also encourage the use of high-visibility clothing, such as reflective vests, to each on-duty workers. By doing so, people can avoid the risks of being in vehicular accidents.
2. Vehicular Accidents within the Site
Aside from electrocution and falling debris, roadway accidents and collisions are also pretty standard in a construction zone. Believe it or not, there are more than 700 injuries from pedestrians and bystanders being hit by vehicles off the road, such as construction sites.
How to Avoid
Smart traffic cones can be a lifesaver in construction sites as it would alert and notify the motorists about the work in the project. Aside from that, everyone should also follow all traffic rules and regulations when driving vehicles on the roads. Spotters are great for notifying drivers of workers in their blind spots. Likewise, the use of barricades and other traffic safety equipment can help highway drivers be aware of the work zones.
For the drivers, it’s crucial that they are familiar with defensive driving. They should have vehicle warning strobes that could alert other when approaching traffic. Experts recommend barrels, pylons, safety spotter, buffer zones, and daytime running lights. For drivers, they should be in need to slow down to prevent backing up whenever the situation calls for it. If backing up is necessary, then a spotter should be available in the area.
3. Accidental Falls from Heights
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, accidental falls account for more than 34% of on-the-job construction worker deaths. Construction workers sometimes have the task of working in high-rise buildings without wearing the proper safety gears during the task. This could lead to accidental slips and fall, leading to broken bones, fractures, back and head injuries, and sometimes, even death.
Building materials are often the leading cause of construction accident injuries, where metal materials, such as ducts, pipes, and tubing are the main culprits. Likewise, even small items or tools, such as nails, screws, and other fasteners can also be the cause of accidents.
How to Avoid
Workers should be obliged to follow safety rules within the job site, and that means they should be wearing smart PPE wearables at all times. Aside from that, they should also be mindful of their surroundings and those around them when moving materials, especially heavy ones, around the jobsite. If possible, there should be a lockout or tagout procedures that the workers should follow, and don’t forget to depower the equipment when not in use.
Organizing safety meetings where the construction workers get briefing can be helpful. They will know different safety measures can also have a positive impact. This would reduce the occurrence of job-related accidents.