Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems can be described as the enterprise software that’s designed to allow organizations for integrating a number of their business tasks and enhance their overall productivity. Developed as an autonomous software application, it is meant to enhance the effectiveness of various business operations.
The basic feature of ERP software is to integrate an assortment of business tasks like sales & marketing, accounting, and HRM. It extracts business related information and makes sure the analyses are done to facilitate the process of decision making in a business. Using the software, the enterprise can share a well integrated information system to ensure each department is given access to a centralized server system for acquiring the details needed to carry out their respective tasks. This way a business can make it possible to get rid of possible errors and prevent itself from wasting time. For example, a food inspector whose task is to carry out inspections can quickly use the ERP system to input the inspection related information while having the access to an ERP system can quickly enter and process the inspection data.
The period starting from 1990 birthed a quick progress in the ERP systems with an initial use of the software to carry out tasks related to back office by the business. While other business tasks related to front office operations like customer relations and Electronic Commerce were integrated into the system on the later stage. The fast development of communication ways helped the companies carry out effective communications with external bodies.
Enterprise Resource Planning systems have lots of advantages to offer to a business. However, we shall briefly discuss some of them here:
It improves a business’s standard with a smooth execution of a company’s processes which eventually comes out as a better and greater output, and a greater customer service.
The ERP systems provide high level management the important data and information on its business which is extremely effective and helpful in the process of decision-making.
It removes rigidity factors and helps a business turn out to be more receptive to bring changes. Or we can say the ERM systems help businesses perform their operations with more flexibility.
Using the enterprise resource planning software businesses can become more unified units. Cohesiveness is helpful in improving a company from both inside and outside.
It makes business related data more secure, and allows companies to make sure that they don’t compromise on their important data.
It allows workers to share and focus on each medium of information. Furthermore, the ERP systems works as an independent platform where employees get the freedom to collaborate.
Working with the ERP systems make it trouble-free to track different business related tasks like audits, revenue, billings, inspections, productivity, and sales.
Functional Components of the ERP systems:
It is vital for every business to eliminate inconsistency and replication. The ERP systems have different modules intended to share data across a company’s system and minimizes the probabilities of errors and replications. Following are some important functional modules set by the enterprise resource planning systems.
Marketing and Sales – The ERP system can automate a number of sales related operations, for instance, competitor analysis and shipping. Moreover, it helps marketing managers set their targets and plan for achievements. It is also helpful for workers in communicating with consumers to modernize orders, deliveries and tracking.
Manufacturing – a module set according to the ERP systems can update different manufacturing procedures, manage the operations of quality control department, look after the overall workflow and other operations associated with manufacturing department.
Supply Chain Management – The ERP systems have a useful module to help the department of supply chain management. It is supportive to inspection process, making schedules, purchasing, and productions.
Human Resource Management – An ERP module for Human Resource department comes with various helpful features that help the company process recruitment data along with other information related to staff training, payroll, and post-retirement matters such as pensions etc.
Finance – An ERP module can be very effective, and is automated to perform finance related operations of a company such as cash management, and budgeting. The automation of certain operations enables an organization to better take care of data in a more efficient manner and helps them ensure financial regulations.